Case Studies Amazon
The Prime Location for Amazon HQ2
Virginia’s Historic Win
After a 14-month competitive site selection process during which Amazon received 238 proposals from communities across North America, the tech giant announced plans in 2018 to invest approximately $2.5 billion to establish a major new headquarters (HQ2) in Virginia, creating more than 25,000 high-paying jobs. Virginia successfully secured the historic project through unprecedented state, regional, and local partnerships. The foundation of the cooperative pitch for Amazon HQ2 was centered on Virginia’s thriving tech sector and talent—including a commitment to a pipeline for the future.
The Virginia Solution
Virginia’s Tech Talent Investment Program Delivers
The Commonwealth already boasts the highest concentration of tech workers in the nation, with Northern Virginia serving as the hub. Tech talent represents one of Virginia’s greatest assets as well as its No. 1 opportunity for job growth, and the Commonwealth devised a plan to bridge the gap and build for the future: Virginia’s Tech Talent Investment Program (TTIP).
Virginia committed $1.1 billion to more than double the annual number of graduates in computer science with bachelor’s and master’s degrees in computer science and related fields, ultimately resulting in more than 32,000 additional graduates in excess of current levels. This pipeline will benefit not only Amazon, but also represents a critical source of tech talent for hundreds of existing Virginia employers, such as Alarm.com, Appian, Capital One, CGI, and Northrop Grumman.
Fifteen Virginia universities will share state funding over the next two decades for the expansion of their degree programs and construction of new facilities, training the next generation of tech talent in the Commonwealth. The investment is a multi-pronged approach, providing performance-based assessments for bachelor’s and master’s degrees, supporting the associate’s tech degree pipeline in community colleges, and investing $50 million over 20 years in K-12 STEM education and internship programming to connect students to tech jobs, fueling a robust talent pipeline for years to come.
Virginia Tech Innovation Campus, Arlington
Virginia Tech’s $1 billion, 1 million-square-foot graduate Innovation Campus focused on technology positions the university and its future partners near the nation’s capital, diverse industries, and leading tech companies, including Amazon. Construction on the Alexandria campus’s first academic building, a 300,000-square-foot, 11-story gem-shaped structure, began in September 2021 and the new facility is set to open in spring 2025. The campus will have a two-story drone testing cage, maker space, and cyber lab. Plans call for Virginia Tech to build two additional 150,000-square-foot buildings as the campus grows. The total number of current Innovation Campus graduate students is approximately 300, and the campus will enroll 750 students when complete. Research at the Innovation Campus will emphasize quantum information sciences, intelligent interfaces, artificial intelligence, and machine learning.
George Mason University is also expanding to establish the Institute for Digital InnovAtion and a School of Computing in a 360,500-square-foot building on Mason’s Arlington campus with the goal to add 7,500 additional computer science and engineering graduates during the next two decades. George Mason is already the most prolific contributor of computer science degrees in Virginia. The new building is targeted to open in summer 2025. The University of Virginia is establishing a School of Data Science endowed by a $120-million private donation—the largest private gift in the institution’s 200-year history. The new school, which broke ground in October 2021, will integrate the university’s Data Science Institute, which was established in 2013 to conduct research and grant graduate degrees. These investments and partnerships in higher education will train the next generation of tech talent in Virginia, and represent a new model of economic development.
TTIP will also position communities across the Commonwealth for healthier, more diversified economic growth. In addition to the 25,000 direct jobs Amazon will create, the Commonwealth estimates the creation of more than 22,000 permanent, direct and indirect jobs in Virginia. Roughly half of the employment is expected to be in tech positions, with a particular focus on software development, engineering, machine learning and artificial intelligence, user experience design, and user interface design.
Tracking HQ2 Progress
Three years after Amazon tapped Arlington as the home of its highly sought-after HQ2, Northern Virginia’s innovation ecosystem has been supercharged. HQ2’s campus is taking root in National Landing, comprising parts of Arlington County and the City of Alexandria, overlooking the U.S. Capitol and the Potomac River. The sprawling community will include Virginia Tech’s future Innovation Campus, transportation infrastructure upgrades to prioritize pedestrian and bicycle traffic, significant retail and affordable housing investments, two 22-story towers, and Metropolitan Park, a public open space including a dog park, art walk, and recreation areas.
HQ2’s first phase of development, the Metropolitan Park campus, officially opened in June 2023. It includes two 22-story LEED-Platinum office buildings encompassing 2.1 million square feet, 50,000 square feet of ground-floor retail space, and a 2.75-acre public park. The development will be powered by electricity from a new, 45-megawatt solar farm currently under construction in Pittsylvania County, Virginia.
Phase two of HQ2, PenPlace, will be located on a 10.4-acre site in Pentagon City and ultimately include 3.2 million square feet of office development across four buildings, including its centerpiece dubbed The Helix — a distinctive double helix structure with two walkable paths of landscaped terrain spiraling up the outside of the 370,000-square-foot building that will feature plants that could be found on a hike in the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. PenPlace will also feature 2.5 acres of open green space that will flow around the base of the Helix and connect all four of the 22-story towers. The $2.5 billion PenPlace campus is expected to include 100,000 square feet of retail across 12 storefronts, a 20,000-square-foot community center, a 250-seat public amphitheater, dog run, and underground vehicle access.
Access to tech talent was a critical site selection factor, and hiring for HQ2 is well underway. Amazon has already hired more than 8,000 employees at HQ2 and remains committed to its planned growth and development at National Landing, with plans to fill its campuses with at least 25,000 total employees.